What is cholesterol.

How long do you take blood cholesterol medication?

We have all kinds of misconceptions about body fat or cholesterol. Even doctors have it. Many of those who practice medicine in particular have a deep-seated misconception. The idea is to take medicine as long as you have high cholesterol. The matter needs to be clarified a little.

What is cholesterol:

Fat is an important element in body composition. Cholesterol is an essential component of many physiological reactions, including the walls of billions of body cells and a large number of hormones. Almost the entire brain of an animal is made up of cholesterol. So why would cholesterol be bad? The matter is not bad or good. Everything has a dimension. Problems occur when the level is exceeded. We need to have a lipid profile on an empty stomach for at least 10 hours to know our cholesterol levels.

The lipid profile contains detailed descriptions of Total Cholesterols, High Density Lipoprotein-HDL, Low Density Lipoprotein-LDL and Triglycerides. The proportional presence of these four components plays an important role in determining subsequent treatment. Many people only advise to check total Cholesterols and Triglycerides. It is not possible to understand the amount of HDL and LDL precisely. So if you are 30 years old or if someone in your family or clan suffers from heart disease or stroke at a young age, then check the lipid profile.

Good Cholesterol:

The endless rupture of living cells in the walls of blood vessels continues. In the case of healthy people it has perfect balance. But for those who have diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, those who smoke or consume tobacco products, those who spend obese body without exercise, the process of breaking down the living cells of their blood vessels becomes unbalanced. HDL cholesterol plays a positive role in protecting blood vessels in this process of cell breakdown. This is why it is called good cholesterol.

And LDL cholesterol causes a kind of inflammation in the walls of the altered Oxidized LDL blood vessels in particular.Gradually this inflammation causes plaque to form in the base of the blood vessels, narrowing the blood vessels and obstructing the blood flow. Ordinary people call it block. When a block narrows at least 80% of the lumen of a blood vessel, chest pain, pressure, shortness of breath or Aodo begins with a little effort. In medical terms it is called angina. It turns out that the role of cholesterol in the formation of heart block or brain stroke is central. The higher the good cholesterol (HDL) and the lower the bad cholesterol (LDL), the safer it will be.

Why this unbalanced cholesterol?

The liver is the factory for making body fat. No matter how much he eats vegetables, no matter how much he eats, his liver will continue to work. This is when the body's metabolism changes. In particular, diabetes, thyroid hormone deficiency, alcohol consumption, overweight, not walking, etc. are present. These causes receptor problems in liver cells. As a result, excess bad cholesterol floats in the blood. Blood clots form on the walls of blood vessels in different parts of the body, especially the heart and brain.

What is the way to prevent?

Diabetes must be brought under full control. High blood pressure needs to be treated appropriately. Smoking and alcohol should be avoided. To lose weight you need to control your diet and exercise regularly. If necessary, regular statin drugs should be taken to reduce fat. Those who have diabetes should take statin for the rest of their lives at the age of 40.

Just as you need to take diabetes medicine for the rest of your life, you also need to take fat medicine for the rest of your life. Statin can never be stopped without unusual circumstances. Many doctors stop taking the drug when the fat level is normal. It is a misconception and an unscientific decision. Just as stopping diabetes medications raises blood sugar, so does stopping cholesterol medications.

High cholesterol symptoms:

Cholesterol normal range- Good cholesterol (HDL) should be above 40 mg for men and above 50 mg for women. The level of bad cholesterol (LDL) should be between 130 and 180 mg for healthy people. However, for those who have diabetes, it is safe to keep it within 100. And for those who have already had a heart block or a brain stroke or a blockage in the blood vessels of the legs, the level of LDL should be kept below 60 mg. It is better to keep the level of triglycerides below 200 mg.

How to reduce cholesterol:

Cholesterol foods--Eat lots of fresh vegetables, fruits, plant protein. Eat enough fish, better if it is marine fish. If you want to eat meat, you can eat chicken meat two days a week, but you should eat it excluding skin, gills, liver and internal organs. Eat brown bread twice a day and moderate amount of rice once a day.

Cholesterol normal range:

The liver makes or controls about 60 percent of the total body fat. The remaining 20 percent comes from food.

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