What are piles?

Piles disease and its treatment:

Piles is a very well known disease. It is called the disease of civilization. This means that the disease is more common in people accustomed to living in cities in developed and developing countries. The main reasons for this are their lifestyle such as less water, less vegetables, eating more fatty foods and not defecating on time. Constipation is seen due to the lifestyle mentioned above and extra pressure has to be given during defecation. As a result, blood vessels and muscles around the anus become swollen and cause piles.

Piles or hemorrhoids are a common health problem. About half of all people in their fifties experience scabies-like itching, discomfort, and bleeding that indicate the presence of piles.

What are piles

What are piles?

Piles are dilated and inflamed arteries located in the anus and below the anus, which can be caused by tanning during bowel movements or increased pressure on these arteries during pregnancy.

Understand how the piles have been:

The following are the common signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids or piles:

1. Painless bleeding during defecation.
2. Itching of the anus or uncomfortable burning.
3. Swelling and pain on the outside of the anus.
4. Feeling and pain in the face of the anus.

When to see a doctor?

As soon as the above signs and symptoms appear, such as if the color of the stool is black or red and there is blood in the stool and you feel wheels in the mouth of the anus during or after the stool, you should contact a doctor as soon as possible.

Where to get treatment?

Sub District Health Complex, District label Hospital, Medical College Hospital, Private Hospital.

What kind of testing may be needed?

Anal examination or digital rectal examination is done with fingers. It examines the entire rectum.
Colonoscopy. This is done as needed.
What kind of treatment is there
There are various treatments for piles.

Such as:
Use of Medicine, Minimal Invasive Procedures
Surgical treatment.


1. Regular ointment or cream should be applied following the doctor's advice.
2. The pipeline should be kept clean and tidy.
3. Wiping / wetting the place with Kusum hot water several times a day (Hot Bath)
4. Ice should be rubbed on the affected area to reduce swelling.
5. Medication should be taken according to the doctor's advice to reduce the pain.

How to prevent piles:

  1. High-fat foods, fruits and vegetables should be eaten more and more.
  2. Drink 7-8 glasses of water and liquids every day.
  3. Excessive pressure cannot be applied if tanning during defecation.
  4. The toilet cannot be held down.
  5. Exercising will help to eliminate the tightness of the toilet.
  6. You can't stand or sit for long. 

Question 1. What are the causes of piles?

Answer. Piles can cause problems for the following reasons:

  1. Applying extra pressure during defecation.
  2. Sitting in the closet for too long.
  3. If you have chronic diarrhea or bowel problems.
  4. If abnormally thick.
  5. While pregnant. 

Question 2. What are the complications of hemorrhoid or piles?

Answer. The complications of hemorrhoids or piles are very low. 

Such as:
Chronic anemia can lead to anemia
Excessive pain.

Question 3. Is there any other treatment for piles other than medicine and surgery?

Answer. Other treatments for piles besides medicine and surgery are:

  1. Rubber band ligation.
  2. Sclero therapy.
  3. Coagulation. (infrared, laser, bipolar) Coagulation (infrared, laser or bipolar)

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